Rose Growing Guide

Choosing location: All roses do well in a full sun location (6+ hours of sun per day). There are varieties that can be grown in part shade (4-6 hours of sun) or in bright shade (dappled shade throughout the day or a bright North-facing wall). If the rose is shade-tolerant, it is noted in the plant description.
Digging a planting hole: For better plant health and blooming, make a hole deeper and at least twice as wide as the root ball. Mix in good soil and some mature compost. Soak the mix really well prior to planting: make a mud pie mix.
Potted rose: Water your potted rose well. Transplant as one piece, if possible, keeping all the soil around its roots. If kept in the pot for too long, untangle or cut the roots spiralling inside the pot. The roots need to grow in all the different directions for better plant health. Spiralling roots slow the plant’s growth.
Bare root rose: Soak for a couple of hours prior to planting. If severely dehydrated, soak even the stem. The rose will feel heavier after the soaking. Badly dehydrated roses have small chances of surviving, so avoid storing your bare root rose for longer than 24 hours or storing in the sun or with improperly wrapped roots. When absolutely necessary, store for a short time in a cold, shaded area with roots tightly wrapped to prevent moisture loss.
After planting: Water the rose deeply once or twice a week. Like most garden plants, rose roots need air and water. So make sure the soil drains well and dries a little before watering again. Deep watering encourages roots extending deeper. Deeper roots will help the rose reach deeper for water in the hot summer days in future years. For the first 2 months, check the soil water content twice a week: with a small trowel or a stick, make a small wedge in the soil, about 2″ deep. You may find that the soil surface is dry, but underneath it’s still wet. If so, postpone the watering for a couple of days. On the other hand, often the rain is not enough to reach the roots. You may find that the surface of the soil is wet, but inside it’s dry. In that case, give the rose a good, soaking watering, even if you will have to do that right after the rain.
Feeding:┬áTop-dress with 2 inches of mature compost in spring and in mid-summer. If your preference is to use synthetic fertilizers, those can be added to the soil or water (as per manufacturer’s instructions) but cannot replace organic matter in the soil. Roses are heavy feeders, so don’t skip the compost.

Peony Growing Guide

(information to come by spring 2021)

Tree Peonies

(information to come by spring 2021)